Hazard assessments must be created in order to guarantee the employees’ health protection. As a result, accidents and work-related employee illnesses are prevented. Moreover, the employer has the duty to implement a hazard assessment for each workplace according to § 5 Section 1 of the German Occupational Safety and Health Act. Also, safety and health protection of the employees should sustainably be improved and secured in the long-term
Preparation procedure for a hazard assessment
The creation of a hazard assessment is split into three key points. In more complex cases, optional supplements may be made.
- Inspection tour of the plant
Firstly, the plant is split into individual spheres of action. For this, discussions are held locally with employees and the work processes and workplaces observed during business hours. Potential hazards are recognised and appraised. It is necessary to take a look at all the records and documentation in the area.
- Determination and assessment of the hazards
The measures and hazards catalogue from the VBG [Administrative Professional Association] serves as a determination basis. Based on this, the hazards and burdens are determined for each employee.
Hazard assessment takes place coordinated between the safety expert and the person responsible for the area. The hazards determined are documented and assessed. This takes place using the existing specifications. If no concrete specifications exist, the hazards are determined based on the potential extent of damages and the probability of their occurrence. This determination also incorporates research regarding the valid regulations.
To classify the hazards, they are allocated various risk levels. Finally, the required protective measures are laid down.
- Determine protective measures
Lastly, the necessary measures are determined based on the evaluation of the hazard assessment. They are documented for this purpose and serve as a basis for the operating instructions. The respective operating instructions are revised if required or re-compiled if necessary.